Posts Tagged with zabbix

posted by qubix on December 26, 2020

Well I had this old monitoring VM that needed to go from a nagios based monitoring to a zabbix based one.


The first culprit was that centos 6 was EOL forever and many things didn't work or needed some kind of fix.

Well this thing was stuck now at 6.6 centos. Since ver 6 is EOL, we have to use vault repos to update to latest 6 sources

So lets change the base repo contents with these: [C6.10-base] name=CentOS-6.10 - Base baseurl=$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=1 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-updates] name=CentOS-6.10 - Updates baseurl=$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=1 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-extras] name=CentOS-6.10 - Extras baseurl=$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=1 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-contrib] name=CentOS-6.10 - Contrib baseurl=$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=0 metadata_expire=never [C6.10-centosplus] name=CentOS-6.10 - CentOSPlus baseurl=$basearch/ gpgcheck=1 gpgkey=file:///etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-6 enabled=0 metadata_expire=never

before doing anything else lets grub the EPEL repo for this centos rpm --import rpm -Uvh yum install -y

now lets update stuff

yum clean && yum update

ok now we have updated our system in the latest possible software


The second culprit was that zabbix frontend requires php 5.4 and up, but centos 6 has 5.3.3 We will not use remi repos here, they are not complete and noone knows how long will support this centos version Instead...lets install php from source! yeaaahh :P

  • install required packages for compilation yum install autoconf libtool re2c bison libxml2-devel bzip2-devel libcurl-devel libpng-devel libicu-devel gcc-c++ libmcrypt-devel libwebp-devel libjpeg-devel openssl-devel libxslt-devel -y

  • grub php 5.6.40 (latest php 5.6) and untar/unzip the contents curl -O -L

tar -xvf php-5.6.40.tar.gz cd php-src-php-5.6.40/

now lets compile php

./buildconf --force

after we buildconf, we can customize with what we want to compile php. See ./configure --help about that to satisfy your needs

lets continue with our config ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php56 --with-apxs2=/usr/sbin/apxs --with-freetype-dir=/usr/include/freetype2 --disable-short-tags --enable-xml --enable-cli --with-openssl --with-pcre-regex --with-pcre-jit --with-zlib --enable-bcmath --with-bz2 --with-curl --enable-exif --with-gd --enable-intl --with-mysqli --enable-pcntl --with-pdo-mysql --enable-soap --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --with-webp-dir --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --enable-json --enable-hash --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --enable-libxml --with-libxml-dir --enable-ctype --enable-calendar --enable-dom --enable-fileinfo --with-mhash --with-incov --enable-opcache --enable-phar --enable-simplexml --with-xsl --with-pear

oops error, apxs what? (used to build to apache php module) install httpd-devel

yum install httpd-devel

ok lets run again the above aaand... oops error, freetype something... ok install freetype-devel yum install freetype-devel

finally we move on make clean make make test make install

(make test will execute maaany tests. Probably will fail in some and will ask you to submit a report to php devs)

copy development php.ini to our new shine php 5.6 install cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php56/lib/php.ini

edit it and change max_execution_time, max_post_size max_upload_size etc to what zabbix expects (16MB for post, upload, 300 for execution time) also change date.timezone to your timezone


Fortunately we can install a recent mysql , not that archaic 5.1 that comes with centos 6.

Let's install mysql community edition 8 !

rpm -ivh yum update yum install mysql-community-server service mysqld start

Well..that was it...


By now I think I have setup my weird environment, so it is time to install zabbix!

rpm -Uvh yum install zabbix-server-mysql zabbix-web-mysql zabbix-agent

Now lets copy the apache configuration file from the docs of zabbix

cp /usr/share/doc/zabbix-web-*/httpd22-example.conf /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix.conf

Edit the configuration file to update the timezone to something like php_value date.timezone Europe/Athens

vi /etc/httpd/conf.d/zabbix.conf

Ok now we can create the zabbix database mysql -u root -p

oops...mysql root user already has a password set? Hmmm it seems that although I didn't run the mysql_secure_installation utility, mysql installation has set some root pass. Where can it be..maybe in /var/log/mysql.log

grep 'temporary password' /var/log/mysqld.log

and yes there was a temporary password set. I think it is a good time to run the mysql secure utility , set a new pass (the temp was expired anyway) and answer "Y" at the security options.

After that I can login to mysql to create zabbix database.

create database zabbix_db character set utf8 collate utf8_bin; GRANT ALL ON zabbix_db.* TO zabbix_dbuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'some_decent_password_folks'; quit;

We can import the db schema like this cd /usr/share/doc/zabbix-server-mysql*/ zcat create.sql.gz | mysql -u zabbix_dbuser -p zabbix_db

After creating the db, update the zabbix_server.conf file with our new database, user and creds.

Ok I am ready to start everything and make them start on boot also, so lets do it service zabbix-server start service zabbix-agent start service httpd start chkconfig zabbix-server on chkconfig zabbix-agent on chkconfig httpd on chkconfig mysqld on

Now that everything is up, I'll visit our new and polished web interface to finalize setup http://mydomain.tld/zabbix/

and ofcourse..another error at the database step: Error connecting to database: No such file or directory

Wait ... zabbix web interface cannot find the mysql socket file? Let's try instead of localhost...

...aaaand yet another error but predictable this time: Error connecting to database: Server sent charset unknown to the client. Please, report to the developers

It seems that mysql 8 has default charset "utfmb8" and that old zabbix doesn't know this. This is easily fixable though, just put these is /etc/my.cnf (if there isn't one, make it)

[client] default-character-set=utf8 [mysql] default-character-set=utf8 [mysqld] collation-server = utf8_unicode_ci character-set-server = utf8 default_authentication_plugin = mysql_native_password

Restart mysqld service and this error is gone.

So, this took forever, but it is over. Or not? Wait..there is a newer version that I can use.. zabbix 4.4 which has the newer agent2.I SHOULD DO AN UPGRADE!! Oh well that is easy, install the newer rpm release and upgrade. Right? RIGHT?

rpm -Uvh yum clean yum upgrade offer for zabbix updates other than the agent. This sucks, but lets see, where is the packages I want? Yum says nowhere but looking at the online repository I found that they are moved to the "deprecated" sub-repo.

Ok but why I don't see them? That's because this subrepo is disabled in the zabbix yum repo file

[zabbix-deprecated] name=Zabbix Official Repository deprecated - $basearch baseurl=$basearch/deprecated enabled=0

Enabled this, and now I got the binaries I need for the upgrade to go smoothly.

Let's visit the web interface to confirm everything works ok and the newer version at the bottom should say 4.4.10 instead of 4.2.8, and yes ANOTHER error because the database is older than the just upgraded zabbix.

It seems that I forgot to start the services I stopped :P and after the upgrade when the zabbix-server process starts, it checks the db and if it finds it outdate, and update begins and after a couple of minutes the interface was back online!

Now that everything is in order, just two more things:

  • If you use a firewall, you should open some necessary ports for zabbix and apache. I don't know what you use so I'll just throw some generic iptables: iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 10051 -j ACCEPT iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 10050 -j ACCEPT iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT /etc/init.d/iptables save

  • If you have another php installed (maybe the default 5.3.3) you can use the 5.6.40 from a .htaccess file at /usr/share/zabbix/ (make it if it is not there) like this:

AddHandler application/x-httpd-php56 .php .php5 .phtml
Wish me happy monitoring!